**-1. Introduction**

Working with miniatures or models of a build has a great deal of advantages. It's an easy way to communicate your ideas of an area to others (incredibly useful when applying for a project or working on a co-op!), it lets you try out things and make quick and easy changes, and it's inclusive, meaning that you can work on it with others. Last but not least, it forces you to focus on layout and composition, which is crucial in early planning stages, because it avoids you getting caught up in details that don't yet matter at such an early stage. However, if you ever tried to make a model for a build you're met with a certain challenge up front: Getting the existing terrain right.

Luckily, there is a quick and easy way to create miniature representations of any area thanks to WorldEdit. I advise absolute caution with what you're about to learn. WorldEdit is incredibly powerful, start small and work your way up, work with copies in the beginning, and always double check your selections and the commands you're running.

The WE command this process utilizes is the

`//deform`

command. This guide is separated into 2 parts, first we are going to take a little excursion to look at the `//deform `

command, and the WorldEdit Expression Syntax in general, in some more detail, and then we will head on the server and use it to create a miniature representation of someplace nice. **0. Excursion:**

`//deform`

, `//generate`

and the WorldEdit Expression SyntaxBoth commands allow for the manipulation of an area by mathematical expressions. The names are pretty self-explaining:

`//generate`

(or `//g`

) takes an expression and generates an area according to itDescription | Generates a shape according to a formula. See also https://tinyurl.com/weexpr. |

Usage | //generate [-chor] <pattern> <expression...> |

<pattern> | The pattern of blocks to set |

<expression...> | Expression to test block placement locations and set block type |

[-h] | Generate a hollow shape |

[-r] | Use the game’s coordinate origin |

[-o] | Use the placement’s coordinate origin |

[-c] | Use the selection’s center as origin |

`//deform`

deforms an existing area according to an expression. Description | Deforms a selected region with an expression The expression is executed for each block and is expected to modify the variables x, y and z to point to a new block to fetch. See also https://tinyurl.com/weexpr |

Usage | //deform [-or] <expression...> |

<expression...> | The expression to use |

[-r] | Use the game’s coordinate origin |

[-o] | Use the selection’s center as origin |

A common use case for

`//deform`

is the `//deform rotate`

command which allows for non-orthogonal rotations (now obsolete since the regular clipboard rotation command `//rotate`

takes arbitrary values, too.)WorldEdit's Expression Syntax makes WorldEdit so much more than a mere tool to push around some blocks. In order to achieve our goal (that is: to make a miniature of any given area), we need but a small fraction of its powers. However, read up on how to use the Expression Syntax and come up with some nifty

`//generate`

or `//deform`

tricks if you like!**1. Making a model**

If we are given a certain area that we would like a miniature representation of (for instance, to make a model for a town or castle project) we are confronted with two necessities we need to meet for the model to be of any actual use:

- Everything in the model needs to be to scale
- The terrain we base our model on needs to be represented correctly.

**1.1 Selecting the Area**

Your model needs to show the relevant parts of what you have in mind. If you make on to apply for a project, it's not necessary to make a model of the entire area, but make one of the castle or the town or village. Think about what things may best be shown with a map, and which things you would rather show using a model.

Once you've decided on an area (for instance for a town) you want to represent in your model, make a selection that includes the entirety of the area.

**1.2 Calculate the lengths of the edges**

When selecting a cuboid selection WorldEdit logs the selected positions to your chat:

`(FAWE) pos1 set to (<X_1>, <Y_1>, <Z_1>)().`

`(FAWE) pos2 set to (<X_2>, <Y_2>, <Z_2>)().`

X indicates the left-to-right axis (so when you move from west to east on our map), while Z indicates forwards and back movement (north to south on our map). Y is the up- and down vector.

We get the length of the X and Z axis by

`L(X) = abs(X_1 - X_2)`

and `L(Z) = abs(Z_1 - Z_2)`

You can use the /math command to calculate that inside minecraft, which allows you to simply retype the X- and Z-values WE logged previously. Simply run

`/math abs(<X_1> - <X_2>)`

and `/math abs(<Z_1> - <Z_2>)`

as commands.The returned numbers are the absolute lengths of our X- and Z-axis. We are going to need these in a moment.

**1.3 Find the center of the selection**

Next we need to find the relative center of our selection. Simply run the

`//center`

command, pass a block of your choosing as the parameter. `//center 103`

will create some nice melon blocks in the center of our selection. Now it's just a matter of finding them. Once we find it, we change both our selection points to it. If there is more than one block we can pick any. **1.4 Calculate the size of the model**

Now we need to know the dimensions of our model, which leads us back to the scales we talked about in

**1.**Remember, picking a 1:3 scale means representing each 3x3x3 blocks by one block on a model. That means that we divide each of the 3 axis by 3. A scale of 1:4 would naturally mean a division of each of the axis by 4.

To get the size of our model we now simply have to divide the lengths of the X- and Z- axis we previously calculated by the factor we chose. We're going to go with a 1:3 representation in this example, so

`L(X)' = round(L(X)/3) `

and `L(Z)' = round(L(Z)/3)`

`/math round(<L(X)>/3)`

and `/math round(<L(Z)>/3)`

return the respective values and rounds to the next integer. The two resulting values will be the X- and Z- dimensions of our model.

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